Rosa Parks' decision to refuse giving up her seat on a public bus to a white woman on December 1, 1955 is often credited with launching the Civil Rights movement. Parks, an unknown seamstress, was arrested for violating a city ordinance, but the impact of her choice runs much deeper. Shortly after the bus incident, Parks helped form the Montgomery Improvement Association with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The association boycotted the city bussing system, bringing their case all the way to Washington. A Supreme Court decision eventually outlawed racial segregation on public transportation. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
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